SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.61 issue2Uterine cervix length by abdominal ultrasound in normal pregnant women 21 to 23 weeks author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Revista Peruana de Ginecología y Obstetricia

On-line version ISSN 2304-5132


HILARIO, Roly; DUENAS, Julio; GURREONERO, Edgar  and  DE LOS SANTOS, Rita. Sensitivity of transvaginal ultrasound and hysterosonography compared with hysteroscopy in infertility patients. Rev. peru. ginecol. obstet. [online]. 2015, vol.61, n.2, pp.105-110. ISSN 2304-5132.

Objective: To determine the diagnostic sensitivity of transvaginal ultrasonography and sonohysterography compared with hysteroscopy in patients with infertility. Design: Descriptive study. Setting: Procrear Fertility Clinic, Lima, Peru. Participants: Women with infertility. Methods: Between January and December 2 013 patients studied for infertility underwent surgical hysteroscopy; corresponding transvaginal ultrasound and hysterosonography prior to surgery were analyzed for most frequent diagnoses and sensitivity of the studies. Analysis was done using SPSS 15 software. Main outcome measures: Sensitivity of hysteroscopy, transvaginal ultrasound, and hysterosonography. Results: One hundred and eighteen surgical hysteroscopies were performed. Prior transvaginal ultrasound had sensitivity of 44.9% (53/118) for any abnormalities in regards to hysteroscopy, and sonohysterography had sensitivity of 95.7% (113/118). Hysteroscopic findings were endometrial polyp in 74 (62.7%), uterine synechiae in 30 cases (25.4%), submucosal fibroids in 12 (10.2%) and other in 2 cases (1.7%). In relation to uterine synechiae, transvaginal ultrasound alone had sensitivity of 10% and hysterosonography sensitivity of 86.6%, and transvaginal ultrasound had sensitivity of 45.3% and hysterosonography sensitivity of 93% for endometrial polyps along with submucosal fibroids. Conclusions: Hysterosonography had better sensitivity than transvaginal ultrasonography for detecting endometrial pathology affecting fertility. It also assessed endocervical permeability, suggesting its value in the study of women with infertility.

Keywords : Transvaginal ultrasonography; sonohysterography; hysteroscopy; infertility.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License