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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana

Print version ISSN 1814-5469On-line version ISSN 2308-0531

Abstract

VILLANUEVA-CCOYLLO, Sheyla B.  and  ROLDAN-ARBIETO, Luis. Risk factors for infertility in women in a peruvian hospital. Rev. Fac. Med. Hum. [online]. 2020, vol.20, n.2, pp.186-192. ISSN 1814-5469.  http://dx.doi.org/10.25176/rfmh.v20i2.2840.

Introduction

: We can define infertility as the failure to achieve pregnancy after 12 months of unprotected sex, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Between 60 to 80 million couples annually suffer from this problem. In Peru, there are no updated reports that allow knowing these figures. In addition, few studies allow knowing the causes of this condition

Objective

: To determine the risk factors associated with infertility in female patients treated in outpatient offices in the Gynecology Service of the Vitarte Hospital, period January 2015 to April 2019.

Methods

: We conducted an observational, analytical, retrospective case-control study, considering a sample of 82 cases and 82 controls. Clinical, demographic and habits of harmful consumption factors were considered and, to measure the association, the crude and adjusted odds ratios were used, for which the statistical package SPSS was used.

Results

: Based on the adjusted OR, dyspareunia was identified (OR: 4.16, 95% CI 1.56-11.14), dysmenorrhea, (OR: 4.22, 95% CI 1.79-9.93), pelvic inflammatory disease (OR: 5.59, 95% CI 2.11-14.84), and alcohol consumption (OR: 2.87, 95% CI 1.10-7.49), as statistically significant risk factors for the development of infertility.

Conclusion

: The factors associated with infertility in the gynecology service of the Vitarte Hospital during the period from January 2015 to April 2019 are dyspareunia, dysmenorrhea, the history of pelvic inflammatory disease and alcohol consumption.

Keywords : Infertility; Pelvic Inflammatory Disease; Ectopic pregnancy (source: MeSH NLM)..

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