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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana

Print version ISSN 1814-5469On-line version ISSN 2308-0531

Abstract

VILCHEZ-CORNEJO, Jennifer et al. Factors associated with the performance of self-care activities in diabetic patients in three Ucayali hospitals. Rev. Fac. Med. Hum. [online]. 2020, vol.20, n.2, pp.254-260. ISSN 1814-5469.  http://dx.doi.org/10.25176/rfmh.v20i2.2902.

Objective

: To determine which are the factors associated with self-care activities in diabetic patients in three hospitals in the Ucayali region during 2017.

Methods

: Analytical cross-sectional study, carried out in three hospitals in Ucayali in 2017. The survey self-administered had three sections that assess the general characteristics of the patients, knowledge through the diabetes knowledge questionnaire 24 (DKQ-24), the patient's attitude towards their disease using the diabetes attitude scale (DAS - 3) and Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities Measurement (SDSCA) to measure self-care practices.

Results

: The study population consisted of 572 patients, 50.87% were female, the median age was 47 years old, 37.57% had a university degree. Inadequate self-care activities with respect to glycemic control and exercise were performed with 83.87% and 77.87% respectively. We consider that those who have adequate knowledge and have strict control to have adequate adherence to the diet of diabetic patients. Regarding exercise, it was possible to determine that there is a negative correlation with respect to the patient's illness time. Likewise, it was determined that patients with secondary, technical and university studies had a negative correlation with respect to glycemic control.

Conclusion

: More than half of the patients carried out inadequate self-care activities. Furthermore, an adequate level of knowledge and strict control over their disease influence the patient's adherence to a good diet.

Keywords : Mellitus; Self-Care; Health Knowledge; Attitudes; Practice (source: MeSH NLM)..

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