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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana

Print version ISSN 1814-5469On-line version ISSN 2308-0531

Abstract

VERDE, Carmen Villarreal; MEDINA, Maritza Dorila Placencia  and  SIFUENTES, Violeta Alicia Nolberto. Exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors in mothers who attend health establishments of Lima, Peru. Rev. Fac. Med. Hum. [online]. 2020, vol.20, n.2, pp.287-294. ISSN 1814-5469.  http://dx.doi.org/10.25176/rfmh.v20i2.2765.

Introduction:

Breastfeeding is a natural biological process that is of utmost importance during the development of newborns.

Objective:

To find the association between exclusive breastfeeding and various factors at different times: during gestation, during birth and in the puerperium in mothers who come to DIRIS Lima Centro health centers.

Methods:

A survey was used to find out the factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding, such as the number of prenatal check-ups, talks given, and whether she had breastfed her child in the last 6 months. The data obtained were statistically processed to obtain the values of Odss Ratio and association variables.

Results:

Of the 140 mothers surveyed with less than 12 months of lactation, 77.85% stated that they had attended six prenatal controls, this attitude had a statistically significant relation with Exclusive Breastfeeding (p: 0.012). Vaginal delivery was found to be significantly associated with Breastfeeding. However, the use of milk formula could be a risk factor (p < 0.001).

Conclusion:

Three factors were found to be associated with SCI: attendance to six pre-natal controls, vaginal delivery and as a risk factor, the use of milk formula, one in each time period, before, during and after delivery.

Keywords : Feeding; Newborn; Mother - Child Relations; Human Milk (source: MeSH NLM)..

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