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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana

Print version ISSN 1814-5469On-line version ISSN 2308-0531


CORDOVA-AGUILAR, Alberto  and  ROSSANI A., Germán. COVID-19: Literature review and its impact on the peruvian health reality. Rev. Fac. Med. Hum. [online]. 2020, vol.20, n.3, pp.471-477. ISSN 1814-5469.


The disease called COVID-19 is a pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus (severe acute respiratory syndrome 2). In Peru, patient zero or first case with COVID-19 was detected on March 6 and since then the virus has continued to spread. The national government fights against this disease on several fronts, but the health situation differs greatly from developed countries.


To review the current state of the disease and analyze its possible impact on the Peruvian health system.


A bibliographic search of various studies was carried out since the appearance of the disease (December 2019) in different databases (PUBMED, MEDLINE, PLOs, SciELO) and Google Scholar.


The virus is transmitted mainly by the respiratory route; the average incubation period is 14 days; most patients have mild disease or are asymptomatic but 5% of these will require hospitalization, some will even require intensive therapy with mechanical ventilation; the current treatment is basically symptomatic, though antibiotics, antivirals and antiparasitics have also been used.


The quarantine with strict measures of isolation and social distancing is accurate given the Peruvian health reality and the imminent contagion of the population.

Keywords : SARS-CoV-2;; COVID-19; Pandemics; Coronavirus Infections; Health Systems. (Source: MEDLINE MeSH)..

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