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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana

Print version ISSN 1814-5469On-line version ISSN 2308-0531


FIGUEROA-URIBE, Augusto Flavio et al. Damage control approach and reduced resuscitation of the polytraumatized pediatric patient in the emergency room. Rev. Fac. Med. Hum. [online]. 2021, vol.21, n.3, pp.631-644. ISSN 1814-5469.

Polytrauma in pediatric patients is a frequent event, so its timely approach and management define its prognosis. Polytrauma is defined as the presence of two or more traumatic injuries or a single one that endangers life or there is a risk of serious sequelae; resuscitation is understood as the restoration of vital functions of the patient in the pre-hospital area to the hospital area aimed at avoiding the damage caused by the fatal pentad of trauma (coagulopathy, acidosis, hypothermia, hyperglycemia and hypoxemia) for which the damage control protocol was carried out, which is referred as all the maneuvers that have the purpose of preserving life, but without carrying out definitive repairs in order to mitigate complications derived from the prolonged state of shock, secondary to a prolonged surgical time that postponed adequate resuscitation, this reduced resuscitation consists of 6 precise indications for its performance, being approached from the TEP (Pediatric Evaluation Triangle) and the MARCHDEF protocol (Massive Bleeding, Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Hypothermia, Neurological Deficit, Glycemia, Pain, Exposure, FAST).

Keywords : Polytrauma; Damage control; Reduced resuscitation; TEP; MARCHDEF (source: MeSH NLM)..

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