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Revista de Investigaciones Altoandinas

On-line version ISSN 2313-2957


ESQUIVEL-PAREDES, Lourdes; CAMPOS-GRIJALVA, Ashley  and  CASTILLO-MARTINEZ, Williams Esteward. Optimization of drying temperature and vacuum pressure on the decoloration and composition crude fish oil. Rev. investig. Altoandin. [online]. 2018, vol.20, n.1, pp.61-72. ISSN 2313-2957.

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to determine the optimal parameters of decolorization of crude oil to obtain a semi-refined fish oil of acceptable quality; response surface methodology was used, considering a central composite design with two factors: Vacuum pressure (0.13-0.7 bar) and drying temperature (96-124°C); having as dependent variables the percentage of free fatty acids (% AGL) and color of the oil. The raw material and the optimum finished product were characterized physico-chemically, which was obtained under the operating conditions: drying temperature of 110 ° C and 0.13 bar vacuum. The finished product indicated a percentage of free fatty acids of 0.27 ± 0.01% and CieLab colour with coordinates L: 48.69 ± 0.88, a: -4.28 ± 0.26 and b: 35.03 ± 0.85, which Is equivalent to color 6 -7 in Gardner scale, compliance with the industrial specifications

Keywords : decoloration; crude oil; free fatty acids; colour.

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