SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.24 issue2Protein digestibility of Pajuro (Erythrina edulis Triana) seeds subjected to traditional cooking(Effect of the inclusion of whole wheat quinoa and amaranth flour in squid nuggets) author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links


Revista de Investigaciones Altoandinas

On-line version ISSN 2313-2957


PUMACAHUA-RAMOS, Augusto et al. Use of sensors for mathematical modeling during the roasting of cocoa beans (Theobroma cacao) of the Chuncho variety. Rev. investig. Altoandin. [online]. 2022, vol.24, n.2, pp.84-93.  Epub May 16, 2022. ISSN 2313-2957.

Simple innovations in temperature control during cocoa roasting can help improve the quality of chocolate made by small entrepreneurs in the Andean-Amazonian valleys of Peru. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of oven temperature on the temperature of cocoa beans (Theobroma cacao) during roasting, using six mathematical models. Cocoa beans in the amounts of 100 and 200 g were placed in a tray in a conventional electric oven set at 250 °C. A K-type thermocouple with its respective reader was introduced in the geometric center of a cocoa bean and another 5 cm from the surface. The readings were recorded every 5 min and exported via Bluetooth to a computer. The temperature data were fitted to the mathematical models of the Concentrated System, Fourier's Law, Peleg, Page, Weibull and Midilli. The convective heat transfer coefficient (h), the thermal diffusivity (α), and the constants of the empirical models were determined. The h was 7.04 and 7.74 W/m2 °C for the toast of 100 and 200 g, respectively. The α was 3.09 x 10-8 and 3.28 x 10-8 m2/s for the 100 and 200 g toast, respectively. The rate constants of the empirical models showed a difference in the roasting of 100 and 200 g. All models represented the experimental data very well, since the values of R2, MRSE and MA%E were close to 1, close to 0 and less than 10%, respectively. The best mathematical model was that of Peleg.

Keywords : Concentrated system; Fourier's second law; K-type sensors; convective heat transfer coefficient; thermal diffusivity.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )