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RODRIGUEZ RODRIGUEZ, Eric F. et al. Notes on Valeriana rigida Ruiz & Pav. (Caprifoliaceae) in northern Peru. Arnaldoa [online]. 2023, vol.30, n.1, pp.21-34.  Epub 30-Abr-2023. ISSN 1815-8242.

Valeriana rigida Ruiz & Pav. (Caprifoliaceae) is an American species, used in traditional medicine as a sedative or sleeping pill. The medicinal use of the resource has led to indiscriminate and unsustainable depredation, mainly due to anthropogenic action. In the high Andean zones of northern Peru (2500-4500 m.a.s.l.), extraction from its natural habitat is neither controlled nor regulated, as evidenced by its depleted populations whose individuals are slow growing; in addition to other risk factors such as the expansion of the agricultural frontier, the burning of vegetation, overgrazing and mining in general. The conservation of the species has never been considered in the plans. Consequently, it is considered that the conservation of the resource must be integral and involve different levels of decision making, from the local population, academia to the highest authorities of local and regional governments, as well as state and private conservation organisations. In the present study aspects of its taxonomy, herbarium exsiccata, ethnobotany and ethnomedicinal information, phenology, distribution, and ecology are disseminated; at the same time analysing the current state of conservation and proposing guidelines and strategies for its conservation in the northern Peruvian context with emphasis on the jalca and its surroundings.

Palabras clave : Valeriana rigida; medicinal resource; predation; conservation; jalca; northern Peru.

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