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Boletín de la Academia Peruana de la Lengua

Print version ISSN 0567-6002On-line version ISSN 2708-2644


LAINEZ LOZADA, María Isabel Ginocchio. Critical Discourse Analysis of Narratives on Visually Impaired Populations at the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Bol. Acad. peru. leng. [online]. 2022, n.71, pp.237-270.  Epub June 23, 2022. ISSN 0567-6002.

The varied scenario of the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMSM) includes populations with disabilities. This constitutes a permanent challenge within the framework of university actions or practices and the tools related to the sensory, physical, or cognitive condition that the type of disability implies. This study aims to unveil the ideological framework that determines attitudes of exclusion and rejection towards visually impaired populations at UNMSM. These problems have been approached through an eclectic methodology in which the narratives of the visually impaired students themselves were documented by means of interviews; and, in addition, the official documents where beliefs and prejudices regarding these populations are manifested were evaluated. A critical discourse analysis (CDA) revealed that the ingrained intuitions about people with disabilities generate practices of exclusion and violence at all levels of the university organization. That is to say, the detectable correlations between the framework of their own university policies and the discourses (both that of the students and that of the institution itself) are sustained by ingrained relations of power.

Keywords : visual impairment; university practices; UNMSM; critical discourse analysis; relations of power.

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