SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.11 número2El SARS-CoV-2 y otros virus emergentes y su relación con la inocuidad en la cadena alimentariaWill SARS-CoV-2 cause diseases in poultry? índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO


Scientia Agropecuaria

versión impresa ISSN 2077-9917

Scientia Agropecuaria vol.11 no.2 Trujillo abr./jun 2020 

Letters to the Editor

Ornithine monooxygenase and RNase J family beta-CASP ribonuclease. Can they be bacteriocins?

1 Universidad Nacional de Tumbes, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Av. Universitaria S/N Pampa Grande. Tumbes, Peru.

Keywords: Ornithine monooxygenase; ribonucleases; bacteriocins; enzymes; antimicrobial properties

Dear Editor:

After comprehensively read the article authored by Sánchez et al. (2017) and published in this journal, I strongly consider to clear up important aspects of this. Bacteriocins are a heterogeneous group of antimicrobial peptides synthesized ribosomally by bacteria, capable to inhibit Gram-negative and Gram-positive pathogenic bacteria. Within its classification, the enzymes ornithine monooxygenase and RNase J are not included (Kumariya et al., 2019). Likewise, ornithine monooxygenase does not exhibit chelating activity of bacterial siderophores, conversely, this enzyme generates a catalytic reaction between L-ornithine, NADPH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) and oxygen, with production of water, NADP and N5-hydroxyornithine (non-proteinogenic amino acid). N5-hydroxyornithine is the first product in the biosynthesis of some bacterial siderophores such as Bacillus firmus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptomyces coelicolor (UniProt Consortium, 2020; BRENDA, 2020). Microorganism which secrete these metabolites are able to efficiently capture and accumulate iron from the environment and transport it within the cell. Then, the incorporate iron, act as an enzyme cofactor in redox reactions related to cellular respiration, DNA synthesis, and protection against reactive species of oxygen (Kramer et al., 2019).

On the other hand, many studies indicate that the Lactobacillaceae family does not synthesize siderophores. It might be because this bacterial group does not require iron (or its requirement is very low) as a nutrient for its metabolism, but they do use manganese (Arosio et al., 2020).

Furthermore, the RNase J enzyme belongs to the family of β-CASP ribonucleases. They are proteins of approximately 50 to 77 kDa that contribute to the control of cellular gene expression, fulfilling endo and exoribonuclease function related to maturation at the 5' end of 16S rRNA and RNA degradation (InterPro, 2020; Clouet-d'Orval et al., 2015).

Therefore, based on the available scientific information, it is concluded that the molecules ornithine monooxygenase and RNase J are enzymes instead of bacteriocins and they do not have antimicrobial properties. However, they do participate in the metabolic functions of nutritional type and regulation of cell expression, important for bacteria and other microorganisms.


Arosio, P.; Poli, M.; Gozzelino, R. 2020. Iron as therapeutic targets in human diseases Iron as Therapeutic Target in Human Diseases Volumen 2. Editorial MDPI AG. Barcelona, España. 440 pp. [ Links ]

BRENDA - The Comprehensive Enzyme Information System. 2020. Information on EC - L-ornithine N5-monooxygenase (NADPH). Available in: ]

Clouet-d’Orval, B.; Phung, D.K.; Langendijk-Genevaux, P. S.; et al. 2015. Universal RNA-degrading enzymes in Archaea: Prevalence, activities and functions of β-CASP ribonucleases. Biochimie 118: 278-285. [ Links ]

InterPro. 2020. Classification of protein families. InterPro 78.1. Available in: ]

Kramer, J.; Özkaya, Ö.; Kümmerli, R. 2019. Bacterial siderophores in community and host interactions. Nature Reviews Microbiology 18: 152-163. [ Links ]

Kumariya, R.; Garsa, A.K.; Rajput, Y.S.; et al. 2019. Bacteriocins: Classification, synthesis, mechanism of action and resistance development in food spoilage causing bacteria. Microbial pathogenesis 128: 171-177. [ Links ]

Sánchez, H.; Ochoa, G.; Rojas, C.; et al. 2017. Aislamiento de péptidos inhibidores de bacterias a partir de bacterias ácido lácticas del tracto digestivo del lechón e identificación mediante prueba proteómica. Scientia Agropecuaria 8(4): 437-443. [ Links ]

UniProt Consortium. 2020. UniProtKB - Q51548 (PVDA_PSEAE). Available in: ]

Received: April 26, 2020; Accepted: May 10, 2020

* Corresponding author: E-mail: (R. Alfaro).

Creative Commons License This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License