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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana

Print version ISSN 1814-5469On-line version ISSN 2308-0531


APAZA-LLANTOY, Katherine Danae; CEDILLO-RAMIREZ, Lucy  and  CORREA-LOPEZ, Lucy Elena. Factors associated with depression, anxiety, and stress in the context of the covid-19 pandemic in police officers of Lima Metropolitana, Peru. Rev. Fac. Med. Hum. [online]. 2021, vol.21, n.4, pp.809-818. ISSN 1814-5469.


To determine the factors associated with the development of depression, anxiety, and stress in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in police officers in Lima, Peru.


Analytical cross-sectional study carried out in 210 police officers to whom the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale -DASS-21 was applied in October 2020 and a form via Google Forms to obtain sociodemographic and clinical data. Bivariate and multivariate analyzes were performed, using crude and adjusted prevalence ratios, with a confidence interval> 95% and a significance level of p≤0.05.


The prevalences of depression, anxiety and stress were 11.43%, 10% and 7.62%, respectively. In the bivariate analysis, anxiety was associated with the number of children (ORc: 3.18; 95% CI [1.10-9.17]; p: 0.032) and comorbidities (ORc: 2.50; 95% CI [1.08-5.75]; p: 0.031) . For depression and stress, no significantly associated factors were found. In the multivariate analysis, an association was found between depression and age (RPa: 2.50; 95% CI [1.02-6.10]; p: 0.044), and between stress and emotional situation (RPa: 3.10; 95% CI [1.08-8.95]; p: 0.034), COVID-19 diagnosis (RPa: 3.18; 95% CI [1.02-9.92]; p: 0.045) and comorbidities (RPa: 4.19; 95% CI [1.22-14.36]; p: 0.022).


A low prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress was observed in the study population. In addition, according to multivariate analysis, the risk factors for stress were: being single, having been diagnosed with COVID-19, and having comorbidities, while being 40 years old or younger was a risk factor for depression.

Keywords : Mental Health; Depression; Anxiety; Psychological Stress; Police; COVID-19. (Source: MeSH - Terms)..

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